Q: What are the essential subjects in ch 2?
Ans: This is a incredibly extended chapter, also the gist of Gita. There are 4 subject areas reviewed in this chapter as under.
1. The character of our problem is panic, confusion and sorrow. Jiva vichara, self enquiry.
2. Knowing the supreme existence. Gita reveals the solution.. To know the mother nature of Self is meant for every person, like starvation and snooze. Only when you happen to be really hungry you’ll sense happy. This atma know-how is for everybody but just one has to aspire for it.. All the panic confusion are eliminated. Mighty sorrow will not disturb us. We gets to be free of all grief. How to get there?
3. The link involving the two the jivan, personal and the supreme. Yoga (not the popular physical yoga) reveals us transferring from the existing point out to the condition of enlightenment pretty systematically and scientifically.
4. Advantage of this Self understanding. From karma yoga to many stages of upasana to awareness to stage of meditation and last but not least, the condition of realization the place 1 will come to recognize one’s own Self..
Q: Demonstrate the ‘Karma theory’, ‘Cause & Influence theory.
Ans: Every single action has a consequence. When we wander we access our destination. When we consume we subside starvation,
There are two sorts of outcomes for each and every believed, word and deed. Tangible and non tangible gains. (Drishta palan and Adrishta palan). When you donate a little something, you get tangible gain like tax reward or identify, fame in transactional existence. These types of a gain is ‘Drishta palan’.
There is also a non tangible outcome and gita says it is ‘Adrishta palan’ which is is ‘punyam’ suggests sastram (A drishta..not observed)
Adrishta Palan, not tangible end result is two forms
Su adrishtam is punyam.. danam, charity, donation. Dhur adrishtam is papam, like harming,stealing and so on.
An example would be a surgeon vs. murderer, based on their intentions. The intention is named as ‘Sankalpam’ in Sanskrit. If the intention produces appropriate consequences, which outcomes in beneficial or destructive ordeals. names as punyam and papa min Sanskrit.
“Karmanyeva adhikaraha… ” Ch 2.47 is a incredibly essential verse in Gita.
We are dependable for my intentions and steps and therefore penalties will come to us centered on our actions.
We have gathered repercussions, which presents pleasure and sorrow. It is like gas in a car..it will exhaust when used, similarly the benefits of our steps exhaust the moment we experience it. This exhaustion does not choose area promptly. it is like the seeds. watermelon seeds may well give the fruits in a few months but a coconut seed will just take numerous a long time.(incubation interval)
Q: How do the effects of steps materialize?
Ans: Discomfort and pleasure the two are only when we recognize with this external environment, in snooze we do not working experience this globe. Hence the outcomes of our steps very first has to give us a body, the earth and conducive problem to expertise. Then the five factors (panchabhootam) build this physique centered on our karmas.
These implications give us discomfort and pleasure to purge our impressions (vasanas).
We have earned this physique and the earth all around us based on our karma. What goes about will come all-around.
The agony and satisfaction is diverse in a pet dog from human beings. One entire body can’t love all the sufferings and all sorts of agony and enjoyment consequently different bodies are necessary. Therefore many bodies are desired, which points out and confirms the need for reincarnation.
For all the amassed repercussions of actions (papa punya) 1 requires a human human body. Once these are exhausted, then it finishes and this system is not essential any much more, that is when a particular physique is dropped, that means loss of life to the physique.
For some, human human body is vital, for others animal human body may perhaps be vital. So our existence expectancy is based mostly on our karma palan, consequences of actions.
Q: Wherever did the papa punya (fantastic and undesirable implications) at first arrived from? Egg or the rooster? Seed or the tree? Physique or penalties?
Ans: Each person has a large bag of penalties of steps(papa punya). This big bag of collection of karma is sanjita karma, say your discounts.
There are a few varieties of penalties. Sanjitha karma, Prarabdha karma, Agami karma in Sanskrit, very a lot like your financial institution discounts, dollars on hand and foreseeable future revenue or expenditures.
Consequently it is only a portion from Sanjita karma that we practical experience in this system. You have withdrawn ‘X’ amount of money. Which is known as ‘Prarabhdha karma’. We have a great deal more still left in Sanjita bag to working experience.
As we go through lifestyle! what’s accumulated in the current delivery as a result of believed, phrase and motion referred to as Agami karma receives included to Sanjita (lender harmony).
Sanjita – Prarabhdham – Agami
Price savings – Liquid cash – earnings/Price
This cycle goes on since when one particular exhaust liquid cash, 1 also provides significantly additional cost than income on hand. The prarabdha karma palan (the dollars on hand offers our overall body, parents, siblings,situations and the experiences. The moment the praraba is exhausted this actual physical body (stula sariram) dies and Agami karma provides the up coming body.
Q: What is the Mother nature of recognized particular person? How does he interact in the environment, other beings, superior and negative satisfaction and pain?
Ans: Response to this question is the goal of a religious seeker..
This has very little to do with his dress or what that person does, or persona. It is very refined and very last 18 verses talks about the character of a realized person..
Sthitta prajna, understood particular person. The enlightened particular person lives in the environment from a entirely various plane. How he responds to the earth and worldly scenarios is very distinctive.
Faulty interaction results in all adverse feelings. As I see, my thoughts interprets it and emotions arise.
There are heaps of misunderstanding dependent on our very own defective philosophies. For ex.. When I look at a motion picture in a unique language my feelings are diverse than the a person that I can fully grasp.
There are large amount of misunderstandings of a understood human being simply because we see him from our standpoint, confusion of scriptures, our possess likes and dislikes, ideas prejudices, defective philosophies. We see the outer impression, his beard, costume and many others..
These are not indicators of realization.
Lord replies in 18 verses.. 18 is imp. Gita has 18 chapters, 18 verses describes stitha pragya.
18 days war was fought, 18 chapters 18 puranas, 18 verses describing stitha pragya. “1” is the reality, “8” expression of that one is 8 fold.
“Ekam evam Adyiteyam, Brahma”
He is in a state of entire contentment, Bliss, ‘thushti’, santhushta, more than enough with no the will need for any item or outer situation.
Changes in the body, problem or many others almost nothing can change that Bliss. A person is happy even if he improvements the clothes!! Likewise even if his entire body is dropped lifeless his Bliss won’t modify.
Human body is only an outer products to interact with the earth like a microphone, if the equipment is taken away the speaker is still talking but many others won’t be able to listen to. Likewise a understood master ‘stitha pragya’ is ever present. He rejoices in atma by itself, which is all pervading. He is enlightened, but other people could possibly not realize him. For a realized individual, his human body intellect and intellect are in alignment. When a circumstance of sadness arrives, his brain will not get agitated. won’t result in sorrow.
Most of the time, our harmony is dependent on external problems like the welfare and wealth of our relatives, then we truly feel like a recognized human being, only when a sudden stunning information comes we know in which we stand. Even a very little sorrow or soreness disturbs our intellect. A recognized individual is outside of all these..
Q: What is Ladder of slide and ladder of increase?
Ans: verses… 62-63 pretty significant
Ladder of drop starts with likes, dreams, you want an object, or a thing, or a person, which you contemplate on it, enjoy it in intellect. That drive, called ‘kama’ turns your head to now want to possess it… Now this kama is at a deep powerful amount, and typically is out of control.
When it is not possessed, it turns to anger. Rigorous will need to have and anger go alongside one another. When our drive is fulfilled, it is transformed into loba, greed seeking more and far more, with 6 enemies of brain.
Wish, attachment (kama)
This is the spiritual strength wasted!! If you know the hurdles then you can be careful, you can stay away from it or when you meet them you know how to get out of it. In martial arts they instruct how to slide down with no hurting ourselves, then you rise up.
Ladder of increase
Just one should initial consider to be free from raga dvesha (Likes and dislikes). As a result of Karma yoga, upasana, expertise, meditation attachment and repulsion are eradicated. Peace and joy are not in the area of objects. An item by by itself you should not make you happy or disappointed. They have no control it is above us. It is our head that have ideas superimposed to that sensation of happiness or unhappiness… It appears to be to be making us satisfied or unhappy
Vairaghya(dispassion) is free of charge from the planet of stimuli of the globe. Bring about of all happiness and sorrow are on one thing outdoors of me thanks to the likes and dislikes.
Keep on to experience almost everything in lifetime with no raga dvesha (likes & dislikes). You consume to are living not reside to take in. You don’t require to restrain your self from having fun with but test not to in excess of indulge!!
Prasad indicates prasannatha, a deep sense of joy. We expertise it when we are with mother nature… Water, mountains, stillness,… Only the sound of drinking water circulation, without the need of songs, or trash all around, you are sitting down silently, with no wants… You really don’t have to go any place, fulfill everyone, do nearly anything, you really don’t need to have to get nearly anything, no crucial phone phone calls, no appt. as though anything is standstill and at that second exactly where there are no detrimental emotions in your heart dread anger fret, there is a deep feeling of peace that you experience… It is not coming from any item but from within. You are entirely at simplicity with mother nature. You have no problems in opposition to any one. That is identified as Prasad, (prasannatha) moksha, not mainly because of any attachment. to any object but speak to of our senses with the worldly things outside of you. Despise no a person like no 1.
When this Prasad arises in our coronary heart all sorrow disappears.
The pleasures are not able to reduce the deep sorrow in everyone, can temporarily be paused, can be suppressed or forgotten for some time by turning out to be workaholic, alcoholic or sleep but sorrow is exists. Even if you go to a distinct position it is with you.
When the heart turns into absolutely free of raga dvesha (likes & dislikes), fills with pleasure, then sorrows get destroyed. They never have the efficiency to impact your intellect.
Even demise cannot damage sorrow. If one dies with sorrow, a person is born with sorrow.
The moment we attain this vairaghya, totally free from likes & dislikes, we gain this prasad that’s when the intellect gets certainly still in that Self which is all pervading, goes into the condition of samadhi, no other hard work is necessary but only the frame of mind of dwelling. These a individual is stitha pragya (recognized man or woman).
When there likes and dislikes, meditation are not able to happen.
Q: Explain the Spiritual journey.
Ans: Our spiritual journey begins with recognizing our obligations with the present-day entire body and executing them with a precise mindset that gets to be a sadana to arrive at the point out of enlightenment.
Undertaking actions is distinctive from the attitude with which it is carried out.
It is like a soccer activity. There are quite a few players, aim keepers, referee in specific positions, they have their responsibilities within just that area. Offensive, defensive positions, they cannot be chatting when the activity is going on… 1 has to have an understanding of the whole situation and one’s purpose in the larger scheme of matters. Responsibility is a group do the job. We are a group, all animals, plants, the complete program, existence. We have obligation to avoid imbalance and take care of ourselves our family our modern society our nature, our environment to create a harmony in this earth.
Q: What is the mindset with which we must complete steps in this world, in this lifetime?
Ans: Alter your thoughts with samathva, equanimity, then you can expect to not get entangled in samsara..ache and enjoyment, acquire or loss, victory or defeat. Make your head to acknowledge each in advance. Attention ought to be targeted on doing and not on the result.
I am wonderful with successful and I am also high-quality with a decline that is the perspective in bhakti language it is identified as Prasad.
When you might be balanced in the consequence you happen to be well balanced in your steps to it. Otherwise you happen to be always scared, apprehensive, inefficient in performing action mainly because the much more concentrated what would transpire than the job on hand. The final result relies upon on the totality so complete your obligation and depart the end result to come about..
Equanimous, samathva in both of those joy & sorrow, in progress then we’re balanced but if we leave this imagined to the finish, it brings about rigidity and we’re imbalanced.
Gita is not a mystery of success, it offers us the key of the angle to deal with equally success and failure in a balanced way.
Do your obligation in this frame of mind and you’ll not knowledge confusion worry and grief. Head turns into free of any panic.
Q: What are the modes of buying any understanding?
Ans: 1. Direct knowledge, (Prathyaksha praman) is we use our senses to understand the information of the environment. Crimson coloured rose is known to the eyes, new music by ears..
2. Inference.. Via smoke and we can infer hearth
3. Comparison, (Upamanam). The mysterious is understood by evaluating to the acknowledged
4. Cause, (Arthapatti). Be studying the influence we know the cause… Flood and rain
5. Verbalzing, (Sabhta praman) We have not viewed atoms and molecules but we believe in the researchers. We take it since people who know about it speak about it
6. Absence (Anupalabdhi) Know-how of absence of one thing… By getting the constructive awareness of the absence of a little something. You see validate and say there is no cat in the home. A definite knowledge of the absence.
Astronauts go to a earth and confirm that they are is no lifetime there… The understanding simply cannot alter but if it is a belief, it can alter.
When you adhere to the strategy (praman) adequately, acquire know-how then that awareness gets to be conviction. Convictions attained with know-how do not adjust. Only by way of the study of the scriptures, satsang, contemplation we achieve conviction about our spiritual target and path.
At present our intellect is wrongly persuaded by the brain that we are the entire body, a confined being.
Your intellect is persuaded that 5 moreover five is 10, if you attempt to explain to the intellect it is 5, it will resist simply because your conviction is centered on the understanding.
If you by now feel that it is 5, the understanding that it is 10 will alter the perception!!
If you happen to be convinced that science is always correct, then you can normally go with science but if you know science is evolving, what is these days may alter with one more scientist tomorrow and when the change occurs, that expertise will then alter your perception in that unique theory of science.
Similarly there is a false conviction of our very own determine and aim of everyday living and his we can attain it
Therefore the sankhya buddhi and yoga buddhi are based mostly on scriptures, logic and on personal knowledge. Just one who understand this total proof knowledge, the conviction is business and that person’s daily life is various.
These kinds of a robust conviction based on scriptures will allow a seeker to understand that all are One.
We all want happiness which is eternal, peace, contentment and want to be cost-free. These kinds of a point out is ‘moksha’, independence from the bondage which can only be attained in human daily life via Self awareness.